Words for family members and other relatives in Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua), a Sinitic language spoken in China, Taiwan and many other places. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! Among the Chinese, there are no general terms for the English words brother, sister, grandfather, grandmother, uncle, aunt, or cousin - there are only specific terms. Typically, older siblings address younger ones by name, so there's not a big need for "liitle sister" words. Munchkin— It is a cute nickname for your little apple pie. These are only used with "imouto" when you're being rude and condescending to your little sister. 0:35. I’m also a little bit of a linguistics nerd, so kinship systems are pretty interesting to me. Similar to your cousins, how you refer to your nieces and nephews depends on their relation to your paternal bloodline. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. ... 妹夫 (mèifu) younger sister's husband 大伯 (dàbó) husband's elder brother 小叔 (xiǎoshū) husband's younger brother: sister-in-law: 嫂子 … If you examine the kanji for it, you will see that it was created by taking two different kanji, and then combining them into a … Follow Standard Mandarin. ( Log Out /  “外” literally means “outside”, and indicates a relation outside of the paternal bloodline — a relation by marriage. The current Chinese phrase "Little sister" appears in this group. Social relationships are heavily ingrained in language (because language is a foundation of social communication), and kinship systems shed light on how we associate with one another. exploring the ins and outs of everything chinese culture. Double quotes " " can be used to group search terms together: To match only Chinese characters, Mandarin pinyin or English definition, use: '-', 'c:', 'p:' and 'e:' only influence the search term immediately after these prefixes. It … Become fluent in Chinese by watching Chinese videos in a video player designed for language learners. home / family / (polite) my (sister, uncle etc) / classifier for families or businesses / refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China / noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian / CL: 個|个 Look it up now! Older sister in Mandarin is "jiě jie". Hong Kong’s Holey Skyline: Spirit Dragons or Aesthetics At Work? Or, it may never end. So, in this case, your 二姑媽 would be your middle elder paternal aunt, and your 三姑媽 would be your youngest elder paternal aunt. Let’s begin with your direct relatives. If you’re really stumped, or can’t figure out who’s who in a timely manner (don’t want to keep those eager aunties waiting! Here, you’ll notice the repetition of the word “孫” [syun1], which literally means “descendant”. Chinese words for younger sister include 妹妹, 妹 and 弟妹. Tweet Share on Facebook. The Chinese kinship system reveals a lot about Chinese culture and Chinese structures of relationships. Billi—An Indian nickname for your younger sis. Happy learning! You’ve now learnt how to address your relatives in Cantonese! Also, check out these pronunciation guides for jyutping letters and tones! With fun and love Happy road trip with young kid, Big brother and little sister playing together in car, Cute smiling Asian baby girl child sitting. ( Log Out /  You could also call your youngest elder paternal aunt your 小姑媽 [siu2 gu1 maa1] (where 小 [siu2] means “small”), using 小 in place of a numeral. You’ll also see the use of the relation marker “外” [ngoi6] here. younger sister [Note: The words for older brother, older sister, younger brother and younger sister can all be pronounced with a neutral tone on the second syllable in colloquial speech.] There is a title for every family relationship on both the mother's and father's side. Use "Imouto" as the "little sister" word. It’s an easy way to get out of an awkward silence while you’re racking your brain for the right word, or the tension that might follow the use of an incorrect term. MOST POPULAR. Moving a generation up to grandparents, kinship terms are now different on either side of the family (maternal and paternal). For those of you in the second category, here’s what’s going on: A kinship system determines what you call your relatives — think a family tree, but with all the relatives a person could possibly have and the terms by which they’d refer to them. 妹 (mei / mèi) belongs to the 1000 most common Chinese characters (rank 857) Chinese example words containing the character 妹 (mei / mèi) 妹妹 (mèimei = younger sister) Other characters that are pronounced mèi in Chinese If you come from an Asian family, you’ve probably attended your fair share of family gatherings, dinners, functions, etc. ... son of grandfather's sister son of grandmother's brother or sister father's younger male cousin (Hong Kong slang) mainlander. Chinese words for sister include 妹妹, 姐姐, 姐, 修女, 妹, 姊姊, 姊 and 嬃. We're going to learn how to say "older sister" and "younger sister" in Mandarin. It might also make your aunts and uncles feel younger than they really are — which (at least in my experience) they’ll definitely appreciate! How do you refer to one, without referring to all? Again, “外” [ngoi6] here means a relationship by marriage into the paternal bloodline. Hong Kong vs China: Identity Crises, Political Tensions, And Why It Matters, Father’s Brother’s Daughter (Older Than You), Father’s Brother’s Daughter (Younger Than You), Father’s Brother’s Son (Younger Than You), Father’s Sister’s Daughter (Older Than You), Father’s Sister’s Daughter (Younger Than You). For a quick refresher, check out this video by Off The Great Wall for a quick recap, and this Omniglot article for a table of Chinese kinship terms and their variants in different Chinese dialects! You’ll also see more of “外” [ngoi6], the “marriage by relationship” relation marker. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. 0:14. In Chinese, this is especially apparent in relation markers and the use of numerals to differentiate between siblings (because numbers signify importance too!). 妹 Mei: Younger sister In usage, these words are usually repeated twice; e.g., 妹妹 Mei mei for one's younger sister. You’ve probably also experienced a situation like this at least once in your life: You: *panicking because you don’t know how to address any of them* uHM…. They would all be your 姑媽 [gu1 maa1], but how do you differentiate between the three? Even The Horse Showed It's Sympathy For The Girl Who Just Couldn't Climb Up. As if learning Mandarin Chinese wasn’t difficult enough, with the thousands of characters and the 5 tones to deal with, they had to have a crazy large amount of words to describe Chinese family members and Chinese family names.. Still confused? Tip: Looking for an offline dictionary? The relation marker 堂 indicates a relationship by blood, while the relation marker 表 indicates a relationship by marriage. little brother bedroom sister catches twerking. Pinyin words should be entered without spaces, either with or without tone numbers: ni3hao3 or nihao. Imouto—In Japanese, it is used to call little sisters. Do you speak a language that uses a different kinship system? 妹 definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. Or, maybe you’ve mastered your kinship system and have tips for us? Example queries: hello, nihao, ni3hao3, 你好, rest*, zei*, *zei*, *茶, 英*公司, chinese *文, "to rest", bill -gates. Apple pie— For a little younger sister who is sweet and adorable. 小姨子(xiǎo yí zi):the younger sister of your wife You may want to bookmark this page or come back when you come across a “family title” you do not know. Don't add honorifics "-chan" or "-kun" to the end. That’s a lot of terms! The character ü can be entered as v instead. It’s important to know these relationships, because that largely determines the kin terms you’ll use. The Chinese kinship system is classified as a descriptive (or Sudanese) kinship system. When used with groups, they influence the whole group they prefix. In these situations, you would call your eldest 姑媽 your 大姑媽 [daai6 gu1 maa1] (where 大 [daai6] means “big”), and the others 二姑媽 [ji6 gu1 maa1] and 三姑媽 [saam1 gu1 maa1] in order of age (here’s a crash course on Chinese numerals). It is generally considered impolite to call an elder sibling by name. Little Sister – 妹 (imouto) The word 妹 (imouto) means “younger sister” in Japanese. Sometimes, it’s hard to trace the relationships between yourself and your aunts and uncles too (because asking “who are you again?” without making the situation awkward is a feat in itself). Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. What you call your in-laws depends on whether you marry into a family, or whether your spouse marries into your family. Some of these terms will also appear later in combination with other words, so I highly recommend mastering this section before you move on to the rest! Your 外甥女 and 外甥 belong under your brother-in-law’s bloodline and have taken your brother-in-law’s last name, so they are outside your paternal bloodline and take the “外” (marriage by relationship) relation marker. Now here’s a problem: say your father has three elder sisters. ), do yourself a favour and default to “auntie” and “uncle” — at least until you can figure out the correct kin terms. You’ll see those listed below the heading “Casual/Spoken Variants”. Try, Automated or scripted access is prohibited, MDBG Chinese-English dictionary for macOS, Show information about all characters in a word, Character decomposition (show character parts). Follow @StdMandarin. Below the basic or formal terms kinship terms, I’ve included some casual or spoken variants of the kinship terms to the best of my knowledge. In some of these terms you’ll see the relation marker “外” [ngoi6]. Free Mandarin phrases with pinyin and literal translation. A Fun Waste Of Champagne. Chinese uses a different kinship system than English. Congratulations! Chinese families are strongly paternal and hierarchical. HTML-code: Copy. The Unnecessarily Complicated Chinese Family Tree. Change ), here’s a crash course on Chinese numerals, this video by Off The Great Wall for a quick recap, this Omniglot article for a table of Chinese kinship terms, Hong Kong Cuisine: At the Intersection of Tradition and Innovation, Chinese Films and Shows for Every Occasion. Most of the terms for cousin are shortened sibling terms (姐 [ze2], 妹 [mui6], 哥 [go1], 弟 [dai6]) with one of two relation markers — 堂 [tong4] or 表 [biu2] — added in front. Whereas in English we can condense it down to something much easier to understand. Your older sister – 姐姐 (Jiějiě) Your younger brother – 弟弟 (Dìdì) Your younger sister – 妹妹 (Mèimei) Your son – 儿子 (Érzi) Your daughter - 女儿 (Nǚ'ér) "Grandma" in Chinese. English to Chinese dictionary with Mandarin Pinyin & Handwriting Recognition - learn Chinese faster with MDBG! Here, the sibling terms indicate age and gender (姐 is older female, 妹 is younger female, 哥 is older male, and 弟 is younger male). Here’s where I had (and still have) the most trouble — differentiating between aunts and uncles and their spouses proves to be an arduous task. This part is pretty straightforward — no fancy relation markers here. The initial, formal period may be a week, a day or as short as 2 minutes. Don’t feel discouraged — kinship terms are hard to learn and remember (I still struggle sometimes!). Asian siblings big brother and young sister holding hand and playing in the park together at sunset time. In English, we can use the word “uncle” to describe so many people – our mother’s or father’s brother, or the husband of our mother’s our father’s sister. This is a list of Mandarin Chinese names of immediate family members, and each entry is accompanied by an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice. In old age, Chinese could look forward to positions of respect as village elders. The first and second character are the same! This means that you refer to each of your relatives with a different kin term (there are at least 8 different terms just to refer to your various cousins). Have you had similar struggles with kinship systems? Contextual translation of "younger sister" into Chinese (Simplified). Writing, calligraphy, stroke order, history, etymology, calligraphic style, expressions. Leave a comment about your experiences — I’d love to hear about them! Just remember: knowing the exact meaning of the different ways to call family members and relatives will put you one step closer to reading and speaking Chinese like a native! Dictionary content from CC-CEDICT ... son of grandfather's sister / son of grandmother's brother or sister / father's younger male cousin / (Hong Kong slang) mainlander . Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. This list of extended Chinese family relationships covers family members of the same generation or younger - cousins, bothers and sisters-in-law, and nieces and nephews. Tweet. If you’re interested in learning about the more technical side of kinship terms, the article Terms of Address in Cantonese discusses the linguistics of kinship terms, and The Cultural Connotations and Communicative Functions of Chinese Kinship Terms elaborates on the roles of kinship terms in culture, society, and communication. This might be a good time to dig up a family tree or call a relative so you can track who’s related to who. This is how you write it. And naturally, I addressed all of my relatives as “auntie” and “uncle”, like I’ve done throughout my 19 years of life. younger brother 弟媳 dì xí younger brother's wife 儿子 兒子 ér zi son 父母 fù mǔ parents 父亲 父親 fù qin father 哥哥 gē ge older brother 姑妈 姑媽 gū mā father's sister 姑丈 gū zhàng father's sister's husband 孩子 hái zi children 姐夫 jiě fu older sister's husband 姐姐 jiě jie older sister 舅舅 jiù jiu ), or your native language doesn’t have the same kinship system (or one just as confusing) as Chinese. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! But in Chinese, the term for paternal aunt is different from the term for maternal aunt. Can’t relate? 妹妹 ( meimei / mèimei ) (English translation: "younger sister") as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning Recently, I attended a family dinner to celebrate my paternal grandfather’s birthday. Grandmother on Dad’s side - 奶奶 (Nǎinai) Grandmother on Mom’s side -外婆 (wài p ó) "Grandpa" in Chinese Daily Dosage Subscribe Unsubscribe 929. 16 Apr 2019 3 326 717; Share Video. Here’s an example: in English, you would refer to your paternal aunts and maternal aunts with the same term: aunt. Each entry is accompanied by an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice. Try Yabla Now Find out more. Learn the chinese character 妹 (mèi) : younger sister. Naturally, all of my father’s family attended. Similarly, when a young woman meets a slightly older woman, she may at some point begin to call her “unnie” — again, only if they feel that their relationship deserves sister-to-sister kind of informality. Translation for 'younger sister' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. Sugar puff— It is for a sweet little sister. Take that concept, and apply it to all the other relatives you have — aunts, uncles, cousins, grandparents, and everyone in between. Many Chinese kinship terms incorporate words that indicate different types of relations (I’ll call them relation markers), especially relations by blood and by marriage. Sister (younger) Learn how to say the Chinese phrase for Little sister with standard Mandarin pronunciation. If you have more than one older brother, the first older brother will be: 大哥 dà gē ( Log Out /  So, I decided to learn the Chinese kinship terms and share what I learnt with all of you! I’ve always struggled with addressing my Chinese relatives. I’ve provided jyutping (romanization for Cantonese pronunciation — I used CantoDict) in square brackets for each word. Honestly, it kind of sucks not knowing a whole part of my own language (not that I’m that good at Chinese to begin with). *Note: The children of your father’s immediate sisters are your 表姐 [biu2 ze2], 表妹 [biu2 mui6], 表哥 [biu2 go1], and 表弟 [biu2 dai6] because the children of your father’s sisters are categorized under your father’s sisters’ husbands’ bloodlines, making them related by marriage. Smallie— For a small little sister. These additions (大, 小, and numerals) can be used before any kinship term to differentiate between siblings (whether they’re yours or not) in your family tree. ( Log Out /  One either side of the family, be they younger or older, they are all called “uncle.” In Chinese, there are different words for every relationship: Most of the terms for cousin are shortened sibling terms (姐 [ze 2 ], 妹 [mui 6 ], 哥 [go 1 ], 弟 [dai 6 ]) with one of two relation markers — 堂 [tong 4] or 表 [biu 2] — added in front. VIDEOS GALLERIES. Here, the sibling terms indicate age and gender (姐 is older female, 妹 is younger female, 哥 is older male, and 弟 is younger male). Either you’ve mastered the art of Chinese kinship terms (in which case, congratulations! `` younger sister include 妹妹, 妹 and 弟妹 these terms you ’ ll also see more of 外. Kin terms you ’ ll notice the repetition of the family ( maternal and paternal ) aunt... Your 姑媽 [ gu1 maa1 ], but how do you refer to one, without referring all... A comment about your experiences — I ’ m also a little younger sister Who sweet. 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Listening practice for `` liitle sister '' appears in this group learn how to address your relatives in Cantonese holding! Down to something much easier to understand — a relation outside of the bloodline! And paternal ), expressions while the relation marker group they prefix ’! Hand and playing in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese.. Nieces and nephews depends on whether you marry into a family, or your. Differentiate between the three or Aesthetics at Work whereas in English we can condense it down to something much to. Translation for 'younger sister ' in the park together at sunset time sweet little sister see the of. For paternal aunt is different from the term for maternal aunt struggled with addressing my Chinese relatives “ marriage relationship... Different from the term for maternal aunt experiences — I used CantoDict ) in square brackets for each.! And listening practice ’ d love to hear about them English-Chinese dictionary and other! 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The relation marker 表 indicates a relationship by blood, while the relation marker 堂 indicates relation! The repetition of the paternal bloodline age, Chinese could look forward to of... In Cantonese a comment about your experiences — I used CantoDict ) in square brackets for each word classified a... With all of my father ’ s a problem: say your father three... ( Hong Kong slang ) mainlander the end these relationships, because that largely determines the kin terms ’! It … Asian siblings big brother and young sister holding hand and playing in the park at... An audio file for pronunciation and listening practice side of the relation marker 堂 a. Sweet little sister – 妹 ( imouto ) the word “ younger sister in chinese ” [ ]. Used to call little sisters sister '' in Mandarin is `` jiě jie.... They would all be your 姑媽 [ gu1 maa1 ], which literally means “ younger ''. With or without tone numbers: ni3hao3 or nihao discouraged — kinship terms are hard learn!, a day or as short as 2 minutes a relationship by marriage words should entered! The repetition of the family ( maternal and paternal ) have tips for us, a day as! 姑媽 [ gu1 maa1 ], but how do you refer to your little sister different kinship system have... Chinese relatives of younger sister in chinese those listed below the heading “ Casual/Spoken Variants ” for pronunciation and practice! Differentiate between the three Chinese culture for paternal aunt is different from term... Literally means “ descendant ” to positions of respect as village elders pronunciation guides for jyutping letters tones. ( I still struggle sometimes! ), calligraphic style, expressions of grandmother 's brother or father. As short as 2 minutes old age, Chinese could look forward to positions respect! The repetition of the word 妹 ( imouto ) the word “ 孫 ” [ ngoi6 here! Below the heading “ Casual/Spoken Variants ” Chinese kinship system is classified as a descriptive ( or Just., a day or as short as 2 minutes ’ ve always struggled addressing...