microsoft sql 对数据库结构的查询

对于一个新的数据库,如何知道它的机构,以便于分析,可以通过对系统表查询来得到,下面是mssql 2000和 2005查询数据库结构的语句

1. SqlServer2000数据库字典–查询表结构.sql

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SELECT TOP 100 PERCENT –a.id,
CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN d.name ELSE ” END AS 表名,
CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN isnull(f.value, ”) ELSE ” END AS 表说明,
a.colorder AS 字段序号, a.name AS 字段名, CASE WHEN COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id,
a.name, ‘IsIdentity’) = 1 THEN ‘√’ ELSE ” END AS 标识,
CASE WHEN EXISTS
(SELECT 1
FROM dbo.sysindexes si INNER JOIN
dbo.sysindexkeys sik ON si.id = sik.id AND si.indid = sik.indid INNER JOIN
dbo.syscolumns sc ON sc.id = sik.id AND sc.colid = sik.colid INNER JOIN
dbo.sysobjects so ON so.name = si.name AND so.xtype = ‘PK’
WHERE sc.id = a.id AND sc.colid = a.colid) THEN ‘√’ ELSE ” END AS 主键,
b.name AS 类型, a.length AS 长度, COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, ‘PRECISION’)
AS 精度, ISNULL(COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, ‘Scale’), 0) AS 小数位数,
CASE WHEN a.isnullable = 1 THEN ‘√’ ELSE ” END AS 允许空, ISNULL(e.text, ”)
AS 默认值, ISNULL(g.[value], ”) AS 字段说明, d.crdate AS 创建时间,
CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN d.refdate ELSE NULL END AS 更改时间
FROM dbo.syscolumns a LEFT OUTER JOIN
dbo.systypes b ON a.xtype = b.xusertype INNER JOIN
dbo.sysobjects d ON a.id = d.id AND d.xtype = ‘U’ AND
d.status >= 0 LEFT OUTER JOIN
dbo.syscomments e ON a.cdefault = e.id LEFT OUTER JOIN
dbo.sysproperties g ON a.id = g.id AND a.colid = g.smallid AND
g.name = ‘MS_Description’ LEFT OUTER JOIN
dbo.sysproperties f ON d.id = f.id AND f.smallid = 0 AND
f.name = ‘MS_Description’
ORDER BY d.name, a.colorder

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2. SqlServer2005数据库字典–查询表结构.sql

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 SELECT TOP 100 PERCENT –a.id,
      CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN d.name ELSE ” END AS 表名,
      CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN isnull(f.value, ”) ELSE ” END AS 表说明,
      a.colorder AS 字段序号, a.name AS 字段名, CASE WHEN COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id,
      a.name, ‘IsIdentity’) = 1 THEN ‘√’ ELSE ” END AS 标识,
      CASE WHEN EXISTS
          (SELECT 1
         FROM dbo.sysindexes si INNER JOIN
               dbo.sysindexkeys sik ON si.id = sik.id AND si.indid = sik.indid INNER JOIN
               dbo.syscolumns sc ON sc.id = sik.id AND sc.colid = sik.colid INNER JOIN
               dbo.sysobjects so ON so.name = si.name AND so.xtype = ‘PK’
         WHERE sc.id = a.id AND sc.colid = a.colid) THEN ‘√’ ELSE ” END AS 主键,
      b.name AS 类型, a.length AS 长度, COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, ‘PRECISION’)
      AS 精度, ISNULL(COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, ‘Scale’), 0) AS 小数位数,
      CASE WHEN a.isnullable = 1 THEN ‘√’ ELSE ” END AS 允许空, ISNULL(e.text, ”)
      AS 默认值, ISNULL(g.[value], ”) AS 字段说明, d.crdate AS 创建时间,
      CASE WHEN a.colorder = 1 THEN d.refdate ELSE NULL END AS 更改时间
FROM dbo.syscolumns a LEFT OUTER JOIN
      dbo.systypes b ON a.xtype = b.xusertype INNER JOIN
      dbo.sysobjects d ON a.id = d.id AND d.xtype = ‘U’ AND
      d.status >= 0 LEFT OUTER JOIN
      dbo.syscomments e ON a.cdefault = e.id LEFT OUTER JOIN
      sys.extended_properties g ON a.id = g.major_id AND a.colid = g.minor_id AND
      g.name = ‘MS_Description’ LEFT OUTER JOIN
      sys.extended_properties f ON d.id = f.major_id AND f.minor_id = 0 AND
      f.name = ‘MS_Description’
ORDER BY d.name, 字段序号

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3、SqlServer数据库字典–索引的查询

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SELECT TOP 100 PERCENT –a.id,
      CASE WHEN b.keyno = 1 THEN c.name ELSE ” END AS 表名,
      CASE WHEN b.keyno = 1 THEN a.name ELSE ” END AS 索引名称, d.name AS 列名,
      b.keyno AS 索引顺序, CASE indexkey_property(c.id, b.indid, b.keyno, ‘isdescending’)
      WHEN 1 THEN ‘降序’ WHEN 0 THEN ‘升序’ END AS 排序, CASE WHEN p.id IS NULL
      THEN ” ELSE ‘√’ END AS 主键, CASE INDEXPROPERTY(c.id, a.name, ‘IsClustered’)
      WHEN 1 THEN ‘√’ WHEN 0 THEN ” END AS 聚集, CASE INDEXPROPERTY(c.id,
      a.name, ‘IsUnique’) WHEN 1 THEN ‘√’ WHEN 0 THEN ” END AS 唯一,
      CASE WHEN e.id IS NULL THEN ” ELSE ‘√’ END AS 唯一约束,
      a.OrigFillFactor AS 填充因子, c.crdate AS 创建时间, c.refdate AS 更改时间
FROM dbo.sysindexes a INNER JOIN
      dbo.sysindexkeys b ON a.id = b.id AND a.indid = b.indid INNER JOIN
      dbo.syscolumns d ON b.id = d.id AND b.colid = d.colid INNER JOIN
      dbo.sysobjects c ON a.id = c.id AND c.xtype = ‘U’ LEFT OUTER JOIN
      dbo.sysobjects e ON e.name = a.name AND e.xtype = ‘UQ’ LEFT OUTER JOIN
      dbo.sysobjects p ON p.name = a.name AND p.xtype = ‘PK’
WHERE (OBJECTPROPERTY(a.id, N’IsUserTable’) = 1) AND (OBJECTPROPERTY(a.id,
      N’IsMSShipped’) = 0) AND (INDEXPROPERTY(a.id, a.name, ‘IsAutoStatistics’) = 0)
ORDER BY c.name, a.name, b.keyno

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4、SqlServer数据库字典–表.视图.函数.存储过程.触发器.主键.外键.约束.规则 的查询

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SELECT DISTINCT
      TOP 100 PERCENT isnull(p.name,”) AS 父对象, o.xtype,
      CASE o.xtype WHEN ‘C’ THEN ‘CHECK 约束’ WHEN ‘D’ THEN ‘默认值或DEFAULT约束’
       WHEN ‘F’ THEN ‘FOREIGNKEY约束’ WHEN ‘L’ THEN ‘日志’ WHEN ‘FN’ THEN ‘标量函数’
       WHEN ‘IF’ THEN ‘内嵌表函数’ WHEN ‘P’ THEN ‘存储过程’ WHEN ‘PK’ THEN ‘PRIMARYKEY约束’
       WHEN ‘RF’ THEN ‘复制筛选存储过程’ WHEN ‘S’ THEN ‘系统表’ WHEN ‘TF’ THEN ‘表函数’
       WHEN ‘TR’ THEN ‘触发器’ WHEN ‘U’ THEN ‘用户表’ WHEN ‘UQ’ THEN ‘UNIQUE 约束’
       WHEN ‘V’ THEN ‘视图’ WHEN ‘X’ THEN ‘扩展存储过程’ WHEN ‘R’ THEN ‘规则’ ELSE NULL
       END AS 类型, o.name AS 对象名, o.crdate AS 创建时间, o.refdate AS 更改时间,
      c.text AS 声明语句,OBJECTPROPERTY(o.id, N’IsMSShipped’)
FROM dbo.sysobjects o Left JOIN
      dbo.sysobjects p ON o.parent_obj = p.id LEFT OUTER JOIN
      dbo.syscomments c ON o.id = c.id
WHERE –(o.xtype IN (‘C’,’D’,’F’,’PK’,’UQ’,’L’,’FN’,’IF’,’TF’,’TR’,’P’,’R’,’RF’,’X’,’S’,’U’,’V’)) AND
      (OBJECTPROPERTY(o.id, N’IsMSShipped’) = 0) AND (isnull(p.name,”) <> N’dtproperties’)
ORDER BY o.xtype DESC

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